Tag Archives: Richard Norwood

HIPAA Web Hosting Compliance: Why it Matters … Plus Some Jokes

 

Amsterdam servercluster in its own rack
Servercluster in its own rack

Hosting and health are sometimes interrelated. Our bodies can become hosts for parasites, and that is no fun (well… the tapeworm probably enjoys it). In other cases, the hosting industry and health industry cross paths in the need to reach the requirements of the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). We are HIPAA compliant at Superb Internet, so this article will take a look at why that is important for working with health organizations.

HIPAA compliance is similar in some ways to PCI compliance: both express a company’s commitment to the parameters of a third-party body, and both of them have to do with security and privacy. PCI was established by the Payment Card Industry Security Standards Council (PCI  SSC) – a group formed by the major credit card companies – to develop comprehensive protocol for how companies should process payments and store sensitive personal information. HIPAA, unlike PCI, is not voluntary. HIPAA rules were signed into law at the federal level to give better consumer protections to American citizens. The downside (well, and upside) of HIPAA is the stringency of rules that health-care firms now have to follow.

Below is a little information on why HIPAA compliance is important for a web hosting company. As with my last article – focused on PCI – I will also get into standards acronyms that are growing in popularity in 2013. I’ll tackle the first one here:

Up & Coming Standards Acronyms: MBAM Art Standard

The Made By a Madman (MBAM) standard requires that any piece of artwork be validated to determine that it was in fact created by a mentally unstable person. Once it is determined that it was, everyone can start to enjoy it appropriately. “We’ve had just about enough of these happy, content, non-Salvador Dali, non-Vincent van Gogh types,” says Christian Doyle of the Transatlantic Alliance for Incoherent Creativity (TAIC). “We needed a way to know that the art we were looking at was made by someone either currently in or headed toward long-term electroshock therapy.”

Basics of HIPAA & Why it Matters for Web Hosts

The reason that HIPAA is so important for the hosting industry is because a large part of the reason the act was passed was to account for developments of the electronic age related to health privacy. Part of what it stipulates is that the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) must have in place a set of standards, applicable across the country, for how healthcare is electronically administered – what the baseline security requirements are, what codes are used for certain health disorders, etc. This is essentially a streamlining and simplification of how healthcare records are organized.

Additionally, HIPAA contains specific language that relates to individual privacy. This language is essentially a recognition that the electronic age makes privacy of health records more challenging. Regulations, then, were deemed necessary to ensure that all physicians and hospitals were adequately protecting patient information.

Our own compliance can be of use to healthcare organizations that need to know the required governmental safeguards are in place. However, you still need to ensure the compliance of your company internally if you want to know you are completely legal.

Up & Coming Standards Acronyms: Skeleton Key Standard

This is an incredibly radical standard being developed by the people at the Single Key Worldwide Society (SKWS). The Skeleton Key Standard (SKS) requires all locks of a business to fit a key that is held by members of the society. “We are not just skeleton key enthusiasts,” says Dan Perry, president of SKWS. “We also don’t believe in private property.”

HIPAA: Privacy & Security of PHI

First let’s look at how HIPAA protects privacy and security. All the codes of HIPAA are related in some way to protected health information (PHI) – how it is defined, how it must be maintained, and rules for transmission. Basic regulations include the following:

  1. Internal protections for PHI;
  2. Only the minimum amount of PHI necessary to conduct business should change hands;
  3. Records must be kept of any transfer of PHI;
  4. Patients must have access to make changes to PHI;
  5. Contracts with affiliated companies that ensure protection of PHI;
  6. “Privacy officer” role given to the person in charge of PHI at a company;
  7. Penalize those who do not properly protect PHI;
  8. Give paperwork with acceptable PHI guidelines to all relevant parties.

Up & Coming Standards Acronyms: Packing Peanut Standard

The shipping industry has come together and created standards of quality for packing peanuts. The Packing Peanut Standard (PPS) ensures the following:

  • Peanuts must be pink
  • Peanuts must not be peanuts
  • Firmness of peanuts must be carefully balanced with their softness – with correct balance determined by a designated “Balance Officer.”

Conclusion

That is the gist on HIPAA. Many different types of health organizations (and some others, too) must comply with its standards. As with PCI and our other certifications, we are not just protecting our clients and their clients. We are also showcasing our commitment to credibility across a wide range of industries. Our hosting packages are here. If you have any further up-and-coming acronyms that you would like to share, please provide them below.

by Kent Roberts and Richard Norwood

PCI Compliant Hosting: 5 Reasons it Matters … Plus Some Jokes

 

Credit Cards ...item 2.. Big hack attack on Is...

PCI compliance is one of those things that are incredibly helpful and incredibly annoying at the same time. Similar to the Department of Transportation’s (DOT’s) Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) guidelines for semi-truck safety on the interstate, the Payment Card Industry Security Standards Council (PCI SSC) standards help ensure that credit cards are safe on the Internet and on the equipment of a company. Now, of course the flipside of the safety brought to those using the Internet or the interstate by DOT or PCI rules is that the stringency of the standards can sometimes be frustrating: this is the plus-and-minus nature of regulations.

To be clear, PCI is not federal regulations like those of the DOT. Instead, the credit card companies started the PCI standardization group to try to establish an across-the-board idea of what security for payments online is all about – to minimize the chances of theft of credit card numbers, purchasing data, etc. Online, PCI standards are similar to the standards set for Extended Validation (EV) SSL certificates by the Certification Authority/Browser Forum (CA/B Forum). As with PCI, EV standards were established by major industry players to protect not only their customers but themselves.

Let’s take a quick look below at what is entailed with PCI compliant web hosting. Additionally, since I’ve been throwing around all these acronyms, I’ll review a few of the other most important up-and-coming acronyms in the standards world. I’ll start with the first of those now:

Up & Coming Standards Acronyms: DHAH Bag Standard

DHAH is an exciting standard being developed by the international bag industry. DHAH stands for “Doesn’t Have Any Holes.” Charles Gibbons of the North American Free Bag Association (NAFBA) feels this standard will make it a lot easier for people to exchange bags without having to worry about functionality: “To be completely clear, a bag should have one hole in it – a big one at the top where you can put stuff in,” he explains. “Additional ones at the bottom are what DHAH standards are concerned with.”

What’s the PCI Council & 5 Reasons Compliance Matters

The Council was started in 2006. It is a worldwide forum and is open for membership application. Currently it oversees three sets of standards and requirements:

  • PCI-DSS (Data Security Standard)
  • PCI-PA-DSS (Payment Application Data Security Standard)
  • PCI-PTS (PIN Transaction Security Requirements).

PCI applies to all processing, handling, and storing of credit card and payment data. As the Council explains, “Our standards cover everything from the point of entry of card data into a system, to how the data is processed, through secure payment applications.”

Founding members include MasterCard, Visa, Discover, and American Express. It’s important to note that the Council itself does not enforce its standard. However, the individual credit card companies will sometimes require the companies meet the standards so that online fraud is less likely to occur.

Of course, online fraud is not desired by anyone conducting legitimate business on the Web. The basic gist on why compliance is important for you:

  1. Consumer Trust – PCI-DSS is an easy way to establish third-party vetting of your security. This increases trust, which in turn increases sales and repeat business.
  2. Payment Card Partnerships – Becoming compliant makes it easier to take payments with the major credit card companies. It’s validation that you share their same concerns.
  3. Building a Wall – Becoming compliant is an investment in the future. Building a more solid alliance following the same sets of standards makes it easier to adjust and counter the moves of online malware and criminals.
  4. Preparation for Standards & Efficiency – Going through the compliance process ties into preparation for HIPAA, SOX, and other standards. In other words, it’s further checks and balances, better integrating and streamlining your general security strategy.
  5. Bad Things Happen to Good Companies – Like any set of standards or regulations, the PCI parameters are meaningful. They really will make your company safer against threats. If sensitive payment data is stolen, here are some potential results: 1.) Fines from the government; 2.) Card account cancellation; 3.) Fines from the credit card industry; and, 4.) Civil litigation.

When you choose a hosting company that is compliant, you get the benefits of PCI compliance as a part of your hosting package (so that you don’t have to go out and do all the work and vetting yourself). Although you can take advantage of our PCI compliance and other accreditations at Superb Internet, you may want to go out and get the compliance in place yourself as well to further establish credibility with your clients and partners.

Up & Coming Standards Acronyms: MBATT Pet Standard

MBATT, or “Must Be Able To Talk,” is a standard that many pet stores are beginning to adopt. Laura Wright, owner of Animals Galore in Newton, Massachusetts, explains what MBATT is and why she became compliant: “Basically, it means that all of the pets in your store must talk. It’s hard to get a dog or fish or cat to speak in public, so I just have all tropical birds now, along with a few insurance salesman wearing tails.”

Conclusion

That should give you a basic sense of PCI compliance. Your basic consideration when you’re looking at a hosting company is to make sure that it is at least secure with your information and your customers’ information. PCI, then, gives us a standardized way to know if a company is doing its best to keep sensitive data secure. Here are our web hosting packages if you would like to take a look. Please comment below if you have any additional late-breaking acronyms you would like to share.

by Kent Roberts and Richard Norwood